This tutorial shows basic crochet stitches in details. With it help you’ll learn how to crochet the stitches you need to create amigurumi toys and many other crochet projects. Every crochet stitch has a visual step-by-step lesson and a written explanation of every step for beginners. The basic crochet stitches will serve you in any project of your crochet work. Well, let’s get started!
Basic Crochet Stitches – How To Crochet
Graphic Tutorial and Explanation
Chain stitch is the basis of crochet, it’s needed to create a foundation. If you’re crocheting in rows, your first row will be a sequence of chain stitches. Also, it’s used as turning or lifting chain to start a new row.
Use a hook to draw the yarn through the loop (1) and pull the loop until it’s tight (2). Wrap the yarn over the hook from back to front. Pull the hook, bringing the yarn through the loop on your hook (3). You have now one chain stitch finished. Repeat these steps as shown on the photo below to create a foundation chain (4).
Single crochet (sc)
Single crochet is a stitch that is usually used in amigurumi patterns. It’s one of the simplest crochet stitches.
Insert the hook into the second chain from hook (1) and wrap the yarn over the hook. Draw the yarn through the chain stitch (2). Now you have two loops on the hook. Wrap the yarn over the hook again and pull it through both loops on your hook at once (3). You’ve completed one single crochet stitch (4). Insert the hook into the next chain to continue the row in the same manner (5, 6).
Slip stitch (sl st)
A slip stitch is used for joining one crocheted part to another, to finish a piece or to join the rounds. However, there are some other ways you could use it, for example, as a surface crochet stitch or as a way to change yarn color.
Insert your hook into the next stitch (1). Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw through all loops at once (2).
Half double crochet (hdc)
Half double crochet stitch is built upon the single crochet stitch by adding one extra step. It is a great stitch used in various types of crochet projects.
Wrap your yarn over the hook, then insert your hook into the third chain counting from the hook (1). Wrap the yarn over the hook again and draw it through the chain stitch only. Now there are three loops on the hook (2). Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw it through all three loops on the hook (3). You’ve just made your first half double crochet stitch. Yarn over, make one more half double crochet stitch in the next stitch in the same way (4).
Double crochet (dc)
Double crochet stitch combines well with all of the other crochet stitches, and there are unlimited ways to apply it.
Wrap your yarn over the hook, then insert your hook into the 4th chain from hook (1). Wrap the yarn over the hook and pull the yarn through the chain stitch. Now there are three loops on the hook (2). Yarn over the hook again and pull it through the first two loops on the hook (3). Now you have two loops on the hook. Wrap the yarn over the hook one last time and pull it through both loops on the hook (4). You’ve done your first double crochet stitch. Yarn over, make one more double crochet in the next stitch following all the previous steps (5).
Triple or treble crochet (tr)
Triple crochet is higher than the double crochet stitch, but it follows the same principal steps. Indeed, once you know how to make double crochet, you can perform many different types of higher crochet stitches. This enables you to quickly add some height to a project.
Wrap your yarn over the hook twice before inserting it in the fifth chain from the hook (1). Wrap the yarn over the hook and pull the yarn through the chain stitch (2). Yarn over the hook again and draw it through the first two loops on the hook (3). Yarn over the hook and draw your yarn through the next two loops on your hook (4). Yarn over the hook and draw your yarn through the last two loops on the hook (5). Your triple crochet stitch is done! To make the next triple stitch wrap the yarn over the hook twice and repeat all the previous steps (6).
Front loops only (FLO) and back loops only (BLO)
When making a crochet stitch, you end up with two loops at the top of the stitch, a front loop that is closer to you (1) and a back loop that is farther from you (2). To crochet in the front loop of a stitch, insert your hook underneath the front loop only and make the stitch as specified in the pattern. On the other hand, when stitches are worked into the back loops, you insert your hook only under the back loop of the stitch.
Crochet increase is commonly used to expand the quantity of stitches in the round. To increase you should make two single crochet stitches (or other stitches basing on your pattern) in the next stitch.
Invisible decrease (dec)
The invisible single crochet decrease is an alternative way of decreasing which results in a smoother and more even crochet fabric.
Insert the hook in the front loop of your first stitch and in the front loop of the second stitch (1). Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw it through the first two loops on your hook (2). Wrap the yarn over again and draw it through the two loops left on the hook (3). Now you’ve finished one invisible decrease.
The traditional method of decreasing differs at first step: you insert the hook through both the front and the back loops of next two stitches.
The bobble stitch, also known as a cluster stitch, adds some dimension and fine texture to your crochet fabric. The entire idea of the bobble stitch is that you partially complete the amount of double crochet stitches indicated in the pattern (usually 3, 4 or 5) – all in the same stitch – and then wrap yarn over and pull the yarn through all the loops on your hook.
So, yarn over the hook, then insert your hook into the next stitch (1). Draw the yarn through the stitch. Now there are three loops on the hook. Wrap the yarn over the hook again and pull it through the first two loops on the hook. One half-closed double crochet is done, and two loops are left on the hook (2). Repeat the previous steps twice in the same stitch. Now you have four loops on your hook. Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw it through all four loops on the hook (3). One 3 dc bobble stitch is finished. Create a bobble stitch with as many dc stitches as your pattern requires.
A magic ring is an perfect way to start working in the round. You start crocheting over an adjustable loop and finally pull the loop tightly when you’ve made the specified number of stitches. The advantage of this method is that there’s no hole left in the middle of foundation.
Start with the yarn crossed to form a circle (1). Draw up a loop with your hook but don’t pull it firmly (2). Hold the circle with your index finger and thumb, and wrap the working yarn over your middle finger (3). Make one chain by wrapping the yarn over the hook and drawing it through the loop on your hook (4). Now insert your hook into the loop and underneath the tail. Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw up a loop (6). Wrap the yarn over the hook again and draw it through both loops on your hook (7). You have now completed your first single crochet (8). Continue to crochet sc until you get the desired number of stitches. Now seize the yarn tail and pull it to close the ring hole (9, 10).
Instead of magic ring, you can make 2 ch, and, further, crochet the required number of stitches in the second chain from the hook.
Invisible color change
Invisible color changing is a really helpful trick to add in a new color and make your crochet project look perfect.
Crochet the next stitch as usual, but don’t pull the final loop through (1). Instead, wrap the new color of yarn around your hook and pull it through the remaining loops (2). To make a neat color change, you can use a slip stitch instead of a single crochet. Don’t pull the slip stitch too tight or it will be difficult to crochet into it in the next round.
If you’re going to use some colors again within the following rounds, don’t cut the yarn, leave it inside to avoid weaving in the end several times.
When you complete a piece of your crochet project, you’ll need to fasten off the yarn and secure it so the stitch will not untwist. To do so, cut the yarn leaving a small tail. Then, with your hook, draw the tail through the loop on your hook (1). Remove hook and pull on tail to tighten. With a tapestry needle, weave the tail through the stitches of the fabric to hide it (2), or leave a tail to sew the pieces to each other.
Hope these lessons were helpful for you 🙂 If you have any questions regarding the basic crochet stitches, please write them in post comments.